He agreed to remain silent until Hitler's 20 February speech in which Austria's independence was to be reaffirmed, but Hitler in his speech, instead of affirming Austrian independence, declared himself protector of all Germans. The most refined methods of cruelty were employed in this extermination, such as disembowelling and the freezing of human beings in tubs of water. Under the Führer, these persons functioning in the foregoing capacities and in association as a group, possessed and exercised legislative, executive, administrative, and political powers and functions of a very high order in the system of German Government. Through its purposes and activities and the means it used it participated in and is responsible for the commission of the crimes set forth in Counts One, Two, Three, and Four of the Indictment. The conspirators openly avowed their purpose. About 70,000 Jews were exterminated in Yugoslavia. First steps in acquisition of control of State machinery: In order to accomplish their aims and purposes, the Nazi conspirators prepared to seize totalitarian control over Germany to assure that no effective resistance against them could arise within Germany itself.
Each defendant became a member of the Nazi Party and of the conspiracy, with knowledge of their aims and purposes, or, with such knowledge, became an accessory to their aims and purposes at some stage of the development of the conspiracy. The destruction of medical and prophylactic institutes, the destruction of agriculture and industry in Lithuania, the destruction of cities in Latvia. Charge: Violation of German assurances given on 30 January 1937, 28 April 1939, 26 August 1939, and 6 October 1939 to respect the neutrality and territorial inviolability of the Netherlands. They financed extensive purchases in occupied countries through clearing arrangements by which they exacted loans from the occupied countries. The Defendant Schacht used the foregoing positions, his personal influence, and his connection with the Führer in such a manner that: He promoted the accession to power of the Nazi conspirators and the consolidation of their control over Germany set forth in Count One of the Indictment; he promoted the preparations for war set forth in Count One of the Indictment; and he participated in the military and economic plans and preparation of the Nazi conspirators for wars of aggression, and wars in violation of international treaties, agreements, and assurances set forth in Counts One and Two of the Indictment.
Coal 63,000,000 tons Electric energy 20,976 Mkwh Petrol and fuel 1,943,750 tons Iron ore 74,848,000 tons Siderurgical products 3,822,000 tons Bauxite 1,211,800 tons Cement 5,984,000 tons Lime 1,888,000 tons Quarry products 25,872,000 tons and various other products to a total value of 79,961,423,000 francs. Between March 1944 and April 1945, in Italy, at least 7,500 men, women, and children, ranging in years from infancy to extreme old age were murdered by the German soldiery at Civitella, in the Ardeatine Caves in Rome, and at other places. Annihilation of the Jews became an official State policy, carried out both by official action and by incitements to mob and individual violence. On 1 October 1938, German troops occupied the Sudetenland. The Nazi conspirators retained such powers after having changed the members of the cabinet. An immense amount of property of every kind was plundered from France, Belgium, Norway, Holland, and Luxembourg. Particulars: In that Germany did, on or about the dates specified in Column 1, with a military force, attack the Sovereigns specified in Column 2, respectively, and resort to war against such Sovereigns, in violation of its solemn declaration condemning recourse to war for the solution of international controversies, its solemn renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy in its relations with such Sovereigns, and its solemn covenant that settlement or solution of all disputes or convicts of whatever nature or origin arising between it and such Sovereigns should never be sought except by pacific means Column 1 Column 2 1 September 1939 Republic of Poland.
In this city in January 1941, after the explosion in German headquarters on Dzerzhinsky Street the Germans arrested as hostages 1,250 persons-old men, minors, women with nursing infants. Expansion of the war into a general war of aggression: planning and execution of attacks on Denmark, Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, and Greece: 1939 to April 1941. Founded in 1921 as a voluntary military formation, it was developed by the Nazi conspirators before their accession to power into a vast private army and utilized for the purpose of creating disorder, and terrorizing and eliminating political opponents. The series draws on primary sources and contemporary documents to provide a new insight into the true nature of Hitler's Third Reich. These acts were contrary to international conventions, particularly Article 50 of the Hague Regulations, 1907, the laws and customs of war, the general principles of criminal law as derived from the criminal laws of all civilized nations, the internal penal laws of the countries in which such crimes were committed, and to Article 6 b of the Charter. Jewish property was destroyed, 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps and their property confiscated.
In the Crimea peaceful citizens were gathered on barges, taken out to sea and drowned, over 144,000 persons being exterminated in this manner. Of 228,000 French political and racial deportees in concentration camps, only 28,000 survived. In Yugoslavia on 15 August 1941, the German military command officially announced that the village of Skela was burned to the ground and the inhabitants killed on the order of the command. Charge: Violation of the Arbitration Treaty between Germany and Poland, done at Locarno, 16 October 1925. In some occupied territories the defendants interfered in religious matters, persecuted members of the clergy and monastic orders, and expropriated church property.
The classes 1940, 1941, 1942 were called up. In further development of their plan of criminal exploitation, they destroyed industrial cities, cultural monuments, institutions, and property of all types in the occupied territories to eliminate the possibility of competition with Germany. The Defendant Speer between 1932 and 1945 was a member of the Nazi Party, Reichsleiter, member of the Reichstag, Reich Minister for Armament and Munitions, Chief of the Organization Todt, General Plenipotentiary for Armaments in the Office of the Four Year Plan, and Chairman of the Armaments Council The Defendant Speer used the foregoing positions and his personal influence in such a manner that: He participated in the military and economic planning and preparation of the Nazi conspirators for wars of aggression and wars in violation of international treaties, agreements, and assurances set forth in Counts One and Two of the Indictment; and he authorized, directed, and participated in the War Crimes set forth in Count Three of the Indictment and the Crimes against Humanity set forth in Count Four of the Indictment, including more particularly the abuse and exploitation of human beings for forced labor in the conduct of aggressive war. The same thing was done from 15 January 1943, in the Departments of Upper Rhine and Lower Rhine. The Nazi conspirators, and in particular the industrialists among them, embarked upon a huge re-armament program and set out to produce and develop huge quantities of materials of war and to create a powerful military potential.
Western Countries: In March 1941 part of Lofoten in Norway was destroyed. Civilians were systematically subjected to tortures of all kinds, with the object of obtaining information. It was one of the earliest formations of the Nazi Party and the original guardian of the National Socialist movement. Reference: the , especially Article 6 a. In the course of executing the Common Plan or Conspiracy there were committed the Crimes against Humanity detailed hereinafter in Count Four of this Indictment. The reason for the change was that growing differences among the four Allied powers had made other joint trials impossible.
In Belgium many hundreds of hostages were shot during the period 1940 to 1944. It is not enough to isolate the Jewish enemy of mankind-the Jew has got to be exterminated. Thus the aggressive war prepared for by the Nazi conspirators through their attacks on Austria and Czechoslovakia was actively launched by their attack on Poland. In the Leningrad region there were shot and tortured over 172,000 persons, including 20,000 persons who were killed in the city of Leningrad by the barbarous artillery barrage and the bombings. Charge: Violation of the Arbitration Convention between Germany and Belgium, done at Locarno, 16 October 1925. Destruction in Estonia of cultural, industrial, and other premises; burning down of many thousands of residential buildings; removal of 10,000 works of art; destruction of medical and prophylactic institutions; plunder and removal to Germany of immense quantities of agricultural stock including horses, cows, pigs, poultry, beehives, and agricultural machines of all kinds. In France also systematic extermination was practiced, notably at Asq on 1 April 1944, at Colpo on 22 July 1944, at Buzet sur Tarn on 6 July 1944 and on 17 August 1944, at Pluvignier on 8 July 1944, at Rennes on 8 June 1944, at Grenoble on 8 July 1944, at Saint Flour on 10 June 1944, at Ruisnes on 10 June 1944, at Nimes, at Tulle, and at Nice, where, in July 1944, the victims of torture were exposed to the population, and at Oradour sur Glane where the entire village population was shot or burned alive in the church.
He continued as such throughout the period covered by this Indictment. These were entirely cut off from the world and were allowed neither to receive nor to send letters. The common plan or conspiracy contemplated and came to embrace as typical and systematic means, and the defendants determined upon and committed, Crimes against Humanity, both within Germany and within occupied territories, including murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation, and other inhumane acts committed against civilian populations before and during the war, and persecutions on political, racial, or religious grounds, in execution of the plan for preparing and prosecuting aggressive or illegal wars, many of such acts and persecutions being violations of the domestic laws of the countries where perpetrated. The defendants engaged in the following acts and practices, among others: 1. Thus the aggressive war prepared for by the Nazi conspirators through their attacks on Austria and Czechoslovakia was actively launched by their attack on Poland, in violation of the terms of the. The Gestapo was created by the Nazi conspirators immediately after their accession to power, first in Prussia by the Defendant Goering and shortly thereafter in all other states in the Reich. These concentration camps were established early in 1933 under the direction of the Defendant Goering and expanded as a fixed part of the terroristic policy and method of the conspirators and used by them for the commission of the Crimes against Humanity hereinafter alleged.
They abrogated the rights of the local populations in the occupied portions of the U. O Their plan included economic domination, physical conquest, installation of puppet governments, purported de jure annexation and enforced conscription into the German Armed Forces. It was decided nevertheless next to attack Poland at the first suitable opportunity. In further development of their plan of criminal exploitation, they destroyed industrial cities, cultural monuments, scientific institutions, and property of all types in the occupied territories to eliminate the possibility of competition with Germany. In the execution of this phase of the conspiracy the Nazi conspirators did the following acts: a They led Germany to enter upon a course of secret rearmament from 1933 to March 1935, including the training of military 20 Nov.