His plan for running them seems excellent. The equipment, the sledges with well-trained dogs, the supply depots with seal meat at regular intervals along the route, the sunglasses to avoid snow blindness; it was all thought of in advance. When he set out in June 1910, he led even his crew to believe they were embarking on an Arctic drift, and revealed their true Antarctic destination only when Fram was leaving their last port of call,. Si tratta del resoconto, scritto dall'esploratore norvegese , della sua a bordo della nave Fram. This is a fine book, which tells the story in detail and from several perspectives, so you get a real feel for the bigger picture. The journey to the pole and back had taken 99 days—10 fewer than scheduled—and they had covered about 1,860 nautical miles 3,440 km.
Overall, a pretty engaging account of his remarkable feat. The Fram was different in that she would respond to the sideways pressure by being pushed upwards, rising out of the pack to sit above the ice in the way that many small and relatively weak boats had regularly been seen to do when frozen in forming sea ice in the Norwegian Fjords in winter time. Although the true cause of the disease, deficiency, was not understood at the time, it was generally known that the disease could be countered by eating fresh meat. However, Ranulph Fiennes has suggested that the extra weight would not have been a major handicap. Amundsen presented them with a gift of his 11 surviving dogs.
After landing the shore party, Fram was to carry out oceanographic work in the Atlantic before picking up the shore party early in the following year. He continued to recruit through 1909; the Fram party would eventually total 19. Johansen, who had been unable to settle back into normal life on his return from Antarctica, became withdrawn and uncommunicative. The motor sleds soon broke down and the horses kept sinking through the ice and snow the weather was miserable with blizzards. The ship returned to Buenos Aires in September for final refitting and re-provisioning, before sailing south on 5 October. As such there is much to be learned from this story about leadership and the execution of projects. Atkinson sent a note back to the Cape Evans base camp requesting either the meteorologist Wright or Cherry-Garrard to take over the task of meeting Scott with the dogs.
The severely frostbitten Lawrence Oates followed a month later after sacrificing himself in a blizzard to avoid slowing down the team. The party reached 80° S on 14 February, and after laying the depot turned for home, reaching Framheim on 16 February. Oates was opposed to snow-shoes and had left most of them at base camp. The British wore wool and rubberized fabric clothing. While this is a hard and in many parts boring read due to the writing I still liked it because it is an interesting adventure. The Fram sailed north and on March the 8th 1912 reached Hobart, Australia from where he cabled his brother with the news and made a public announcement. For extra strength the hull was sheathed in South American , the hardest timber available, and crossbeams and braces were fitted throughout its length.
Amundsen embraced an early passion and became a professional explorer. This group intended to explore this then-unknown territory, but had been prevented by sea ice from approaching the shore. During the second depot journey, Johansen openly complained about the unsatisfactory nature of the equipment; Amundsen believed that his authority had been challenged. Nine people landed with him in Antarctica. Although Nansen gave his blessing and warm approval, Amundsen's actions were with few exceptions condemned by press and public, and funding dried up almost completely. I think a large part of what happened was that Scott took a professional photographer Ponting and other expedition members including Scott also took good quality pictures while Amundsen's relatively few photographs were those of a poor amateur.
The next fifty years: Dozens of public monuments were erected to Scott around Britain in the following years and also in other parts of the world. Tuttavia ciò non rende il libro meno interessante. At no time did Amundsen and Scott acknowledge or plan for a race, they both planned expeditions that had as an ambition to be the first man to reach one of the last great geographic goals of the age, the South Pole. For the first journey, to begin on 10 February, Amundsen chose Prestrud, Helmer Hanssen and Johansen to accompany him; 18 dogs would pull three sledges. Here, Nilsen learned that the expedition's funds were exhausted; a sum supposedly set aside for the ship's needs had not materialised. Scott relied on depots much less frequently laid out. This meant killing the ponies early and starting man-hauling earlier to feed the dogs for no obvious benefit to the overall expedition.
Having earned his , Amundsen acquired a small , , which he adapted for Arctic travel. The next fifteen years: The South Polar trip rendered Amundsen financially solvent again and enabled him to establish a shipping business which did well during the war years. By the 10th of March they gave up on seeing the dogs arriving, they had about 400 miles left to go in difficult surface conditions and unusually cold temperatures. These latter two are difficult to ascertain as the copies that remain are largely either of prints made from the original now lost negatives or of poorly preserved and often cracked and otherwise damaged glass lantern slides. This was the first landing on this shore from the sea; attempts by 1902 , 1908 and Terra Nova 1911 had all failed.
This book had more of an air of fiction than it probably should have. He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by as part of the. It was at this moment he decided to include a fifth man. Reading it was kind of painful since they suffered and were killed pretty often. Today there would be nothing particularly interesting about that. £12,000 that remained was given to Cambridge University to found the Scott Polar Research Institute. Moreover, for some unexplained reason Scott had ordered Evans's team to cache their skis a week before so Bowers the fifth man walked to the pole and back to the cached skis 360 miles while the rest of Scott's team skied.
However, its looks, speed, and sailing qualities were secondary to the provision of a secure and warm shelter for the crew during a voyage that might extend over several years. Scott's team had developed snow shoes for his ponies, and trials showed they could significantly increase daily progress. Amundsen had even left Scott a note to deliver to the King of Norway in case he did not return. On their return to the Ross Ice Shelf, Scott's group experienced prolonged low temperatures from 27 February until 10 March which have only been matched once in 15 years of current records. I recommend this book as a must-read selection before at Few books have influenced my own adventuring more than this one. He was joined later by , an expert on dogs, and veteran of Sverdrup's 1898—1902 Fram voyage, who intended only to travel with Amundsen as far as San Francisco. While photographs were taken on Amundsen's trip, none of the crew were skilled photographers and many of the pictures are quite poor in composition and also probably exposure and processing.
The fact that Amundsen had accomplished the trip with dogs was seen as unsportsmanlike conduct. In Norway, which only six years earlier had become an independent country after 500 years of Danish and Swedish supremacy, the news was proclaimed in banner headlines, and the national flag was flown throughout the country. Does the world really need another Scott and Amundsen book? Every day we have been ready to start for our depot 11 miles away, but outside the door of the tent it remains a scene of whirling drift. Ponting's pictures are the finest from the Heroic Age. In the course of their journey they discovered the , which provided their route to the and ultimately to the South Pole. Until this point, they were all of the impression that they were then to head north again for the Arctic. The first is the British Expedition under the command of Capt, R.