While German scholars have gone to the extent of adopting analytical methods in order to give Political Science the character of a science, Holtzendorff has defended the claim of Political Science to be ranked as a science. Each brand of theory or ideology in this sense claims for itself the attributes of universality and compels others to accept it, leading to what is generally known as 'ideological conflicts'. This analysis incorporates systematic critiques of both Anglo-American and continental contributions. Bluntschli recognises only two methods of political investigation. Thanks for your answers of my question. Indira Gandhi delivered enlightening speeches on this matter.
According to David Held, the task of political theorist is really demanding because in the absence of systematic study, there is a danger that politics will be left to the ignorant and self-seeking people who only want to pursue it as 'power. It also settles disputes and tries to arrive at consensus. The degrading condition of democracy and devaluation of values, morality, ideals etc influenced Plato and Aristotle to declare their opinion against democracy and to devise an ambitious plan for an ideal state. In modern time the politics is treated with a very broader outlook and it is seen primarily as public affairs. However, such an attitude has not been universally acclaimed and as a result state practically embraces all sorts of social activities. Sabine stated that Political Science should include all those subjects which have been discussed in the writings of different political thinkers from the time of Plato.
Wendy Brown and Seyla Benahabib , and may focus on how particular philosophers engaged political problems that continue to be relevant today. The policies of western countries are also totally different. It is more permanent than most other forms of government and helps more in promoting the welfare of the common people. History of political and legal Teachings of Ukraine. It helps us to establish a correlation between ideals and the socio-political phenomena.
Second is analysis of the data. Thirdly, political theory is discipline based. Tal … king politics wasperceived as potentially inflammatory in elementary, middle andhigh schools, all of which have generally tried to avoidcontroversy. Political theorists see their field as among the humanities and as drawing from other humanities, such as the disciplines of ethics, history, linguistics, cultural anthropology, and other relevant fields. For instance, if the company has good personal policies in respect of promotion, transfer, training, etc than it can indicates strength of the firm in respect of personal policies. Sir Frederick Pollock compares it with the science of morals. Political science of the second half of the twentieth century or even at the beginning of the twenty first century is remarkably different from what it was at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Politics in this way has been inextricably connected with state as it was in ancient Greece with the polis. The authority of the state adopts various schemes to utilise geography for the development of human resources. Politics and political science both are interchangeably used. Politics means the existence of issues and again it means the existence of controversy. Therefore, without studying the past political events, institutions and political environment it would be erroneous to analyse the present political events. Some of his texts, especially the Communist Manifesto made him seem like a sort of communist Descartes. He compared the state to a living organism and arrived at absurd conclusions.
But it is to be noted here that the contributions of all disciplines are not equal or identical. Prediction in physics may be certain. Politics encompasses both these aspects of the use of power. Political science is, therefore, an academic discipline. But critics of historical approach designated that it is not possible to understand the idea of the past ages in terms of contemporary ideas and concepts. Now the complex laws of the State have started controlling each and every sphere of human life. Hardly there is any place of politics in monolithic society because such a society is characterised by complete agreement among the members of society on various issues which crop up from time to time.
Nature of Rights : There are several features of rights as a concept of political theory: 1 Norman Barry uses a new term which he calls claim-rights. Similarly, the problems of our times - whether they are racial and ethnic tensions and bigotry, overpopulation, unemployment, decaying cities, corruption, conflicts between the nations - are such that we need every available brain to work for their solution. Public affairs generally mean the affairs of various governmental organs such as the three arms of government—the police, the army and numerous public security arrangements. Since the cultural revolution of the 17th century in England, which spread to France and the rest of Europe, society has been considered subject to natural laws akin to the physical world. It is mainly because political science deals with social issues and problems which are volatile. This function of politics is noble and for this reason he called politics a master science. This attempt has emanated from the idea that since all the disciplines are interrelated particularly the various branches of social science and all contribute to the formation of a social theory it would be better if they are combined together.
This enables an enterprise to face the problems with confidence and secure the maximum benefits of business opportunities available. In accordance with political costs theory, to avoid the shifting of business wealth. Even after that disputes may exist and it is the duty of state authority to find out compromise formula or to help the parties to the dispute to arrive at consensus. Viewed from this angle it may be observed that according to neo-liberals politics comes to be a restricted conception. Undoubtedly, it is true that Political Science does not have the absolute and universal laws of natural science yet such conclusions are possible in Political Science as often prove true. In all forms of state and society primitive, tribal, modern, developed, developing and underdeveloped there always exists politics.
Van Dyke has drawn our attention to two aspects of political theory. Any human being as a part of humanity is entitled to have certain rights and the state must take necessary steps for their protection. Some scholars consider it a science of the State and the Government. If so according to Lasswell the subject is chiefly concerned with the shaping and sharing of power. We cannot take a portion of the community in our hands as the king Brobdignag took Gulliver, view it in different aspects and place it in different positions In order to solve social problems and satisfy our speculative curiosity. Now, the basic issues of political theory become liberty of the individual, the rights, equality, property, justice, sovereignty etc. But for greater and better interests of society the conflict ought to be settled.