The present paper focuses on the emergence and transformation of context in solving complex unstructured problems, attempts to remedy the shortcomings of the theories described above and investigates the nature of context. Conversion of tacit knowledge to explicit or at least ability to share it offers greater value to an organization. In contrast, low computational offloading is where much cognitive effort is required by the user to perform their task. We investigate how crowd safety organizing can be achieved in order to prevent tragedies, such as the one at Roskilde Festival, in 2000, when nine young people were trampled and killed during a con cert with Pearl Jam. Knowing how context emerges and transforms is central if we want to understand how people create, use, and share tacit knowledge. How does context emerge and transform? In other words, cultural contexts are constituted by what people do and where and when they do it Augier et al. Among the capabilities, knowledge creation is the major resource of organizational innovation and it, therefore, plays a more crucial role in developing a sustained competitive advantage for organizations, especially in a dynamic environment.
Yet, no understanding of how context emerges and transforms emerges from these theories. An international society of knowledge professionals is proposed which can provide the necessary focus for fostering collaboration among the best minds and organizations on study, research and learning dedicated to the underlying disciplines and their integrative evolution into the emergence of Knowledge Management as a new discipline. External cognition is human or cognitive information processing that combines internal cognition with perception and manipulation of external representations of information. Nitse An Integrative Knowledge Management System for Environmental-Conscious Construction. The author analyzes intemal stickiness of knowledge transfer and tests the resulting model using canonical correlation analysis of a data set consisting of 271 observations of 122 best-practice transfers in eight companies. The implications of a such a theory for knowledge transfer, exchange and uses in the networks of regions, institutions, organizations and technology are examined and topics for carrying out further research are suggested. New Theoretical Approaches for Human-Computer Interaction, Annual Review of Information Science and Technology.
We conclude by explaining how a theory of context helps us to understand the role of context in tacit knowledge sharing. The growth in human activities in these regions promotes new uncertainties due to hazards, such as extreme weather, remote and sparsely populated locations, uncharted waters, as well as lack of social and physical infrastructures. Als ein Entwicklungsast der Resourcebased View vgl. Ma Supporting Research and Development Processes Using Knowledge Management Methods. Concludes by explaining its role in tacit knowledge sharing.
To manage intangible assets such as knowledge is perceived as an important capability for competition. This paper looks at the Internet as a marketing and e-business tool, and its prospects in Central and Eastern European countries. Risk management and knowledge management have so far been studied almost independently. Brent Hall and Michael G. Eine der zentralen Diskussionen in der Disziplin des Strategischen Managements ist das Feld rund um dynamische Beziehungs- Fähigkeiten vgl.
Consequently, this article poses three questions: What is context? We also explored antecedents of successful knowledge management that of networks and human resources boundary spanners. The implications of a such a theory for knowledge transfer, exchange and uses in the networks of regions, institutions, organizations and technology are examined and topics for carrying out further research are suggested. . High levels of corruption limit investment and growth and lead to ineffective government. Large and successful outdoor concerts had been taking place at Roskilde without mishap since the early 1970's, and event organizers were very experienced in safety and crowd control. Gupta Transforming Small Businesses into Intelligent Enterprises through Knowledge Management. Emerging technologies and climate changes allow for an expansion of cruise tourism, shipping and exploration for natural resources in Arctic and Antarctica.
This article examines the capability for learning both how and what to learn in the context of these inter-organizational relations, and it surveys various practices developed by companies for accessing and distributing knowledge. Uses its central tenet that the knowledge transfer process is ultimately a human-to-human process and since this process is inherently interactive and dynamic, the knowledge, in essence, transforms while or during the very process of its transfer. Yet, no understanding of how context emerges and transforms emerges from these theories. Concludes by explaining its role in tacit knowledge sharing. Rosen, and Mohammad Saad Al-Ahmadi We've Got a Job to Do - Eventually: A Study of Knowledge Management Fatigue Syndrome. For international business scholars this represents a unique opportunity, as one of the key driving forces is the privatization of state-owned enterprises. Since the tragedy, new crowd control measures have been put in place at Roskilde Festival, as well as at other large music festivals, and we are interested in understanding how these new forms of organizing contributes to the production of crowd safety during such events.
More recently, theories of the firm as a knowledge-creating entity have focused on how organizations solve complex unstructured problems. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Since knowledge and its strategic applications have now become a major source of competitive advantage for organizations, the lifeblood of organizations is to possess the capabilities for acquiring, creating, sharing, diffusing, utilizing, and storing knowledge among organizational members. The project is expected to produce advanced knowledge concerning, how the organizational and managerial set-up in a software firm promotes respectively hinders software reuse. Abstract: Sketches an interdisciplinary framework for advancing the conceptual understanding of the knowledge transfer process.
The key challenge in innovation-intensive fields is to develop organizational routines for learning that are robust, flexible, and durable. Sharma, Nilmini Wickramasinghe, and Jatinder N. This paper examines possible relationships between knowledge management constructs related to knowledge sharing, and two risk management concepts: perceived quality of risk control and perceived value of enterprise risk management. Also, we perform desk studies of reports and evaluations, produced by authorities and associations organizing such exercises. When people solve complex problems they bring knowledge and experience to the situation, and they create, use and share tacit knowledge. But what are the difficulties related to sharing tacit knowledge? In recent years, anti-corruption reform has been on the agenda of a number of international, national, state, and local organisations.
Even if as individuals we are more or less 'anonyme' to each other, then this life world is full of structures containing inter-subjective knowledge seeSchütz and Luckmann, 1973;Schütz and Luckmann, 1989 , which at a societal level form our behaviour and attitudes. Laware Multimedia Capture, Collaboration and Knowledge Management. Organizations, especially those adapting to rapidly changing environments, face the challenge of being able to solve complex problems within highly constrained timeframes. The biotechnology and pharmaceutical fields are rife with a wide range of collaborative relationships intended to access knowledge, skills, and resources that cannot be produced by organizations internally in a timely fashion. Introduction: Knowledge, Technology and Innovation for Development.
Corruption is fully multicultural and international in scope. The results of the survey could help not only middle managers, but top managers and other employees as well in learning how to foster knowledge sharing. Concludes by explaining its role in tacit knowledge sharing. High computational offloading is where much of the effort is offloaded onto the representation, requiring minimal effort on behalf of the user for a given task. The effect of individual and organizational characteristics on knowledge sharing maturity has not been investigated either. To put it simply, opportunities for various types of corruption exist everywhere. Shariq 1999-12-01 00:00:00 Sketches an interdisciplinary framework for advancing the conceptual understanding of the knowledge transfer process.